Virgo as the Maiden
The word “maiden” itself sounds archaic to our modern ears. It conjures images of handmaidens at court or damsels in distress, shy wedding nights or reputations soiled. Or, is the virgin goddess “sovereign” or “set apart”, able to retain in her independence and work outside the sphere of male influence? The constellation of Virgo holds the answer.
Virgo is primarily associated with Demeter, the Greek goddess of the harvest. Demeter was viewed as the Earth Mother, provider of all sustenance. Curious then that Virgo holds prominent fixed star Spica, "the ear of grain,” in her left hand. Modern associations of Virgo as the virgin likely originate from Demeter’s daughter, Persephone. Persephone was also called Kore, meaning simply, “maiden.”
According to myth, Hades kidnapped Persephone and took her to the underworld, where he forced her to become his bride. When Demeter heard about her daughter’s disappearance, she fell so deeply into despair that she could no longer will crops to grow. The earth became barren as she and witch goddess Hecate searched the earth tirelessly for Persephone. Eventually, Zeus commanded Hades to send Persephone back to her mother. Before permitting Persephone to depart, he convinced his new queen to eat fruits from the underworld, ensuring a part of her will remain in the underworld forever. Persephone is ultimately reunited with Demeter, but returns to Hades during the winter months, starting the cycle again each year.
Demeter and Persephone had one of the most famous cult followings in the ancient world, the Eleusinian Mysteries. Unlike other cults, both men and women, as well as slaves and free people, were allowed entry. The festivals were split into the Lesser and Greater Mysteries, with the Greater taking place during the sun’s transit of Virgo in September. For the most part, the exact rituals are obscured by time and the oaths that bound the initiates to secrecy.
What we do know for sure is that many eminent thinkers of the time (including Plato and Aristotle) considered their participation in these rituals to be one of the most profound experiences of their lives. Under Athenian law, sharing Eleusinian teachings with the uninitiated was punishable by death. This commitment to keeping knowledge as pure and intact as possible may be a truer representation of the Virgo archetype than physical chastity.
Whether or not the physical aspect of virginity inherent in the Maiden is still relevant has been a subject of much debate among modern-day magical practitioners. Joan Breton Connelly investigates the nature of virginity, or parthenos, among Greek priestesses from an academic perspective in Portrait of a Priestess (Princeton University Press):
“Unlike the lifelong celibacy practiced by clergy in Roman Catholicism and some other contemporary religions, virginity was viewed as a temporary state for ancient Greek priestesses. Indeed, the Greeks defined virgin (parthenos) status quite differently from how we do today. For them, it was the condition of a maiden who had passed through puberty but was not yet married. Emphasis was not focused on a state of intactness, which the modern definition requires. Nonetheless, the example of the Vestal Virgins of Rome has sometimes distorted our view. The Vestals were appointed as girls aged six to ten years old who were committed to virginity, in our modern sense of intactness, for a period of thirty years. At the end of their tenure, they were free to marry, though most elected to stay on as virgins, at this point having forgone most of their child-bearing years. The potency of their state of chastity, the excessive suspicion of any compromise visited upon their purity, and the appalling gravity of punishment by live burial for Vestals who transgressed, make for an extreme case that stands outside the norms of anything known in the Greek world.
A second area of belief that has distorted our view is the anomalous position of the virgin in early Christianity… The veneration of the virgin, influenced by Marian devotion, has no parallel whatsoever in the Greek experience, where virginity represented neither a state of perfection nor a guarantee of salvation. On the contrary, Greeks regarded parthenos status as a necessary stage through which girls had to pass on their way to full integration into society as wives and mothers… Focus on virginity not only obscures the full range of possibilities for feminine sacred service, it takes our eyes off married, widowed, and elderly priestesses who were probably much more widespread within the totality of Greek cult.”1
Others pantheons identify the Maiden with goddesses of justice and authority. Romans viewed Virgo as their goddess Justitia, because she appears to hold the constellation of Libra, the Scales, in her right hand. Justitia was also known as the Greek Astraea, who fled to the heavens after the Golden Age of innocence and peace gave way to the warlike Iron Age. Egyptians connected the Maiden to Isis, the Egyptian goddess of ritual magic and royal authority. Isis assisted her resurrected brother-husband Osiris with his affairs as king of the underworld, and both were the subject of a vast harvest cult following in some ways similar to that at Eleusis.
So, who is the Maiden? She is Demeter, who has grown old and wise providing nourishment for her community. She is Persephone, the youthful spirit forced to grow up before she’s ready. She is Justitia, the essence of integrity and personal honor. She is Isis, at once the devoted wife and powerful sorceress. But most of all, you become the Maiden as you transform with the seasons of your life.
- Connelly, J. B. (2007). Portrait of a priestess: women and ritual in ancient Greece. Princeton University Press.
- Hesiod. The Homeric hymns, epic cycle, Homerica. Translation by Evelyn-White, H. G. (1914).
Loeb Classical Library Vol 57. Harvard University Press.
- Hymn 2 to Demeter gives a detailed description of Persephone's abduction and rescue.
The Maiden as Animal
By Sara Magnuson
In our exploration of the human-animals of the zodiac, we established that the vastness of our minds is the main characteristic that sets humans apart from other animals. As the Earth Maiden, Virgo is the merging of our intellectual capacity and our instinctual body. Virgo takes us out of the Gemini-mind, moves downward acknowledging our physicality, and is the initial connection between mind and form. Virgo also shows us the ways we are similar to and aligned with other animals rather than pointing out where we diverge.
All animals learn how to exist in their surroundings by observing (watching, listening, smelling), trying, and then processing those experiences so that their body and mind will react appropriately in the future. It is in this way that Virgo exemplifies our similarities to other animals. They are keenly observant and process newly-discovered information not just in the mind, but down into their earthy being. Virgos don't just know something, they feel it in their body. Typically fast learners, once they have mastered a task it's embedded in their muscles and bones and they quickly move through it with ease. A Virgo reading a book is not just taking in the words, but sensing the narrated world as if they were in it, feeling it, right in that moment. The mind of Virgo is very sharp, but the influence of the element of Earth keeps them connected to their physical senses.
We have seen the virgin and maternal aspects of Virgo described above and, in the vein of the Triple Goddess, Virgo could be seen as the Maiden and the Mother. The association with virginity gives an innocence to Virgo that can be mistaken for apathy or naivete and betray the deep wisdom they have obtained with their apparent wide-eyed idealism. Such is the way of many animals - seemingly innocent and naive, yet full of knowledge.
For example, a Squirrel may not appear to be a wise creature, as they are jumpy and approach everything as if they've never seen it before; yet the Squirrel has an understanding of how to exist in its environment that is deeply rooted in its body and goes beyond pure intellectual reasoning. The Squirrel knows what to expect from familiar circumstances because of previous experience, but it is prepared and understands that each encounter can bring new variables. As the Squirrel moves slowly out of the bushes toward the ground under my bird feeder, as it has done a thousand times before, it is still cautious and filled with trepidation. It is processing all that it already knows and taking in any new information, integrating it all together. It is this ongoing collecting of wisdom that gives Virgo a motherly quality juxtaposed with a surface level innocence.
This integration of new facts and knowledge with previous experience allows Virgo to be practical, resourceful, patient, and methodical. This process can also cause Virgo to be worrisome, controlling, and even a bit OCD. Learning to bring intellectual thoughts into the physical form and trusting the mind-body connection can help with Virgo's anxious or domineering tendencies. It is this same act of integrating, however, that gives Virgo the ability to learn and adapt and allows them to live well in community with others. Virgo encourages us to take our knowing into our physical form and listen, trust, and act from our entire self.
Call on the Maiden when...
...you need to trust your gut.
...you want to transform and be able to ebb and flow with the movement of life.
Be wary of...
...a tendency to worry; knowing can bring apprehension.
...a controlling aspect; knowing can also bring too much regulation.
Ritual for Virgo
In keeping with Virgo's ability to listen to their body, the following meditation is an adaptation of a sacred exercise presented in Briana Saussy's Spinning Gold and Miracle Tree Sessions programs. She has graciously allowed us to share this modified version of a contemplative way to connect your thoughts and your physical experience.
When we talk and feel into intuition things can get very foggy and vague quickly. This is because intuition belongs to the Otherworld, the liminal world and it works according to the rules and customs of that world not our highly analytical, extremely audio-verbal waking experience. Thankfully there is one immediate and direct way to begin experiencing your intuitive guidance, and yes, we all have intuition, the path of this experience lies through and within your own blessed body.
Sit or stand where you are comfortable, close your eyes, and take a long deep breath.
Take several more long, deep breaths and with each inhale imagine the air filling your lungs and moving through your body down into your feet. On each exhale, push the air out through your core and imagine each muscle relaxing, from your toes to your head.
Affirm and acknowledge the presence of your shields and note if any areas or zones of the body need especial attention at this time.
Engage with the your breath again.
Ask in your mind and heart for your body to show you what YES feels like for you.
Pay attention specifically to what area of the body comes alive upon YES and what that life feels like: an opening, a heating up, a tingling, something completely different?
If when you first ask you feel that you do not receive a response in and through the physical body then, remaining engaged with the blessed body breath, allow yourself to remember a time in your life where you were asked a question, given an opportunity, or made a decision and the answer was YES.
Remember the specifics of the situation — the people involved, the time of day and season of year, the specific content. Then focus on the memory of your YES, what did it feel like in the body? Where did it happen in the body?
Once you can see, sense, touch, know, and feel your YES, then we turn our attention to NO.
Ask in your mind and heart for your body to show you what NO feels like for you.
Pay attention specifically to what area of the body comes alive upon NO and what that life feels like: an closing, a cooling, a tensing or contraction, something completely different?
If when you first ask you feel that you do not receive a response in and through the physical body then, remaining engaged with the blessed body breath, allow yourself to remember a time in your life where you were asked a question, given an opportunity, or made a decision and the answer was NO.
Remember the specifics of the situation — the people involved, the time of day and season of year, the specific content. Then focus on the memory of your NO, what did it feel like in the body? Where did it happen in the body?
Once you can see, sense, touch, know, and feel your NO, then we turn our attention to MAYBE.
Ask in your mind and heart for your body to show you what MAYBE feels like for you.
Pay attention specifically to what area of the body comes alive upon MAYBE and what that life feels like: a calming, a cooling or heating, a settling in and down, something completely different?
If when you first ask you feel that you do not receive a response in and through the physical body then, remaining engaged with the blessed body breath, allow yourself to remember a time in your life where you were asked a question, given an opportunity, or made a decision and the answer was MAYBE.
Remember the specifics of the situation — the people involved, the time of day and season of year, the specific content. Then focus on the memory of your MAYBE, what did it feel like in the body? Where did it happen in the body?
When you have completed this meditation, record your body's responses. Make note of your physical and emotional feelings for each question. Reflect on how you can listen to your body in everyday life. If you don't feel you have clear signals for yes, no, and maybe in your body after completing this exercise, revisit it weekly until the answers feel solid to you; be patient and know that your mind and body are meant to talk to each other.
About Asteria & Artemis
Named for the Greek goddesses of the stars and nature, respectively, this joint blog series with Candlesmoke Chapel's Sara Magnuson investigates the magic and mythology behind each astrological sign.
Sara is a crafter of spiritual supplies, a reader of cards, a diviner of animals, and the co-founder of Candlesmoke Chapel. Her personal practice is eclectic, animistic, and ancestral. The guidance she provides is based in the messages of Nature and its role in how we move through this world.